Friday, May 31, 2019
Is One Rodman Enough?In todays world everybody has his or her own view of what makes a male masculine and a female feminine. If a male were to possess some traits that would be known as feminine, he would be seen as a homosexual. Likewise, if a female were to possess some traits that would be known as masculine, she would be looked upon as being butch. Present day television shows and films knead most peoples views on gender identity. A persons job helps to define their gender identity in other peoples eyes. Television and films portray trusted professions to be very feminine. For example, have you ever seen a macho, male hair stylist in a movie or on television? A persons choice of clothing also organizes their gender identity in other peoples eyes. If a man were to wear tight, pink spandex all the m he would be looked upon as being a homosexual because spandex was made for females to wear. However, knowing all of this, there are some people who are considered exceptions to the se concepts. Dennis Rodman is unmatched of these exceptions. Rodman is a professional basketball player who is known for his aggressive style of play on the court. This aggressive style gives him a very masculine image. N sensationtheless, he portrays himself as having many feminine characteristics when he is not playing basketball. Knowing this, are people like Dennis Rodman redefining the gender identities? Persons who display success and high consideration i... Is One Rodman Enough Essay -- essays research papers Is One Rodman Enough?In todays world everybody has his or her own view of what makes a male masculine and a female feminine. If a male were to possess some traits that would be known as feminine, he would be seen as a homosexual. Likewise, if a female were to possess some traits that would be known as masculine, she would be looked upon as being butch. Present day television shows and films mold most peoples views on gender identity. A persons job helps to define their gender identity in other peoples eyes. Television and films portray certain(a) professions to be very feminine. For example, have you ever seen a macho, male hair stylist in a movie or on television? A persons choice of clothing also molds their gender identity in other peoples eyes. If a man were to wear tight, pink spandex all the metre he would be looked upon as being a homosexual because spandex was made for females to wear. However, knowing all of this, there are some people who are considered exceptions to these concepts. Dennis Rodman is one of these exceptions. Rodman is a professional basketball player who is known for his aggressive style of play on the court. This aggressive style gives him a very masculine image. Nonetheless, he portrays himself as having many feminine characteristics when he is not playing basketball. Knowing this, are people like Dennis Rodman redefining the gender identities? Persons who display success and high condition i...
Thursday, May 30, 2019
Karl Swindlehurst mourning of the German HussarsI have currently been studying three short stories. The first of thethree short yarns The Melancholy Hussar of the German Legion is oneof seven stories from the Wessex Tales . The genre of this storyis generally based around love and issues and consequences related tolove, and also distresses the complications and coincidences withinthe love story. The story itself has three main characters in which alove triangle is formed. Phyllis, Humphrey and Mateus are the maincharacters in which Phyllis was engaged to Humphrey through an agreedmarriage arranged by both Humphrey and her father. However thatengagework forcet breaks down when Humphrey goes to Bath on a trip whichlasted longer than both Phyllis and her father had expected. In thistime Phyllis had meet a man named Mateus. Mateus was a corporal inthe German Hussars and both Mateus and Phyllis fall in love. The plotis based around the love of Phyllis and Mateus and also how the planof Mateus firing AWOL falling to pieces, and the build up to his death.Mateus and Humphrey are entirely different to each other in a sense ofcharacter looks, actions, and general attitude towards Phyllis. Wefirst get a description of Humphrey around line 56, Interests withinthe Court - was one Humphrey Gould a bachelor a personage neither progeny nor old neither good-looking nor positively plain Thedescription is detailed yet vague, it leaves very much to be desired, neither young nor old its very bland, imprecise James brazen issuggesting he is of middle age. In this short description we candevise a brief image of Humphrey. near line 107 we are introduced with the interesting character ofMateus. Her attention was arrested by a solitary figure walkingalong the path the introduction that James Hardy has chosen israther different to Humphrey maybe suggesting in an early stage in thestory that he is more important. Its aspect was so striking, sohandsome, and his eyes were so blue an d sad, abstracted. Thedescription is of more beauty compared to Humphreys suggesting quiteobviously Mateus is the better looking man. The acquaintance ofPhyllis by both men were distinctively different. Humphrey approachedDr. Grove Phyllis father for her hand in marriage, Humphrey havingcome from a highly respected family Dr. Grove was overwhelmed, and sawthis as an great opportunity for his family. Mateus s meeting withPhyllis differed to Humphreys. He was simply walking past and theyboth noticed each other, on the whole a more romantic meeting.
Wednesday, May 29, 2019
How Rococo and Neoclassicism Illustrate the Process of Deciding in their PaintingsThe artists Jean-Honore Fragonard and Jaques-Louis David both successfully embody their respective stylistic differences. Fragonards name of painting is Rococo, which is characterized by its softness, asymmetry and curviness. Contrasting these ideals is Davids mode of painting, Neo-Classicism. Neo-Classicism is synonymous with strong gestures, symmetry, and solidness. Two run fors that best exemplify the ideals of each style of painting are Fragonards The Swing, 1767 and Davids The Death of Socrates, 1787. Although at first glance, it is easier to reduce on how each work is different to the other, one can reason that they are similar in theme. two The Swing and The Death of Socrates are works that deal with the theme of decision making. However, they differ in how each work portrays the theme of deciding. While The Swing focuses on infidelity and the process of deciding, The Death of Socrat es makes it clear that loyalty to government is stronger than the ties of friendship or acquaintance. By examining use of light, form, sheath matter as well as other artistic elements, one can see how each artist conveys a message by utilizing their style of art. Although both Fragonards and Davids work convey different ideals through their style of painting, they are still able to use light in a very similar form. The viewers circumspection is directed on a specific point in the painting through the use of light. Both artists cast a spotlight on the figure or action in the painting that they want the viewer to especially notice. It is what each artist decides to focus on that makes his work is different from the other. A young woman on a swing who enjoys the pleasures of life is clearly where Fragonard wants to direct the viewers attention. However, David focuses attention on a male figure, specifically Socrates. How does the use of light help the viewer understand the ideals of each form of art? While Fragonard chooses to focus on a female and David chooses to focus on a male, the viewer now understands how Rococo can be a feminine form of art and Neo-Classicism the opposite. In addition, other stylistic elements like color and form depict how each art form differs from the other. By using all this visual evidence, we will afterwards see how the concept of deciding... ...d is clearly weaker than the one handing Socrates the poison. This shows how ones duty to the government is far more important than ones own individualised views or feelings. We can make the argument that there had to be a relationship between Socrates and this figure. By paying attention to elements such as vanquish matter, light, form, and placement of figures, we can see how these enhance the ideals depicted by each form of art. As a result, we can understand how Neo-Classical art is an attempt to snack counter the values of Rococo. Rococo is a form of art directly targeted to the privileged. Because not everyone in society belongs to the aristocracy, the Neo-Classicist wanted to impose order as an alternative to the scatterbrained life style. As a result, we have to works of art that challenge each others ideals. The theme of infidelity versus loyalty and how one arrives at the decision made is animated in the works of Fragonard and David. However, it is important to note that there is no right or wrong form of art, although it may bet that this was the common perception of the time. In conclusion, both works of are similar in one important aspect they are both works of art.
F. Scott FitzgeraldFrancis Scott Fitzgeralds aliveness is an example of both sides of the American Dream, the joys of young love, wealth and success, and the tragedies associated with success and failure. Named for other famous American, a distant cousin who authored the Star Spangled Banner, Fitzgerald was born in St. Paul Minnesota on September 24, 1896. The son of a wicker furniture salesman (Edward Fitzgerald) and an Irish immigrant with a lot of money (Mary McQuillan), Fitzgerald grew up in a Catholic and upper middle class environment. Fitzgerald started writing at an archean age. His high school newspaper published his detective stories, encouraging him to wage writing more than academics. He dropped out of Princeton University to join the army and continued to pursue his obsession.At 21 years of age, he submitted his first novel for publication and Charles Scribners Sons rejected it, but with words of encouragement. Beginning a pattern of constant revising that would ch aracterize his writing style for the rest of his career. The U.S. army, stationed him near Montgomery, Alabama in 1918, where he met and fell in love with Zelda Sayre.      Three years into marriage, after the birthing of their first and only child, Scottie, Fitzgerald completed his best-known work "The Great Gatsby." The extravagant living made possible by such success, however, took its toll. Constantly living at various times in several different cities in Italy, France, Switzerland, and eight of the United States, the Fitzgeralds tried hard to escape from or do something about Scotts inebriation and Zeldas mental illness. Zelda suffered several breakdowns in both her physical and mental health, and sought treatment in and out of clinics from 1930 until her death. Things were looking up for Fitzgerald near the end of his life - he won a contract in 1937 to write for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in Hollywood and fell in love with Sheilah Graham, a movie column ist.
Tuesday, May 28, 2019
The red-faced Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is a cult classic. And with good reason. Anyone who simply believes that the cognomen of this book just signifies that the protagonist wears a scarlet A on her dress in punishment of her adultery is ignorant. Obviously this paper would not be required if such were true. Instead, The Scarlet Letter is extremely ambiguous. One groundwork argue that the scarlet letter is a character itself. I intend to flesh this out in literary, historic, and symbolic terms.What is The Scarlet Letter really well-nigh? It has all the ingredients of a soap opera, but it is far more than that, (Johnson 1995) writes Claudia Durst Johnson in her book which analyzes The Scarlet Letter thoroughly. Rather it is about the consequences of breaking the moral code, or in this case a moral law. It is about failing to be true to human nature. It is about cruel and terrible revenge. It is about the hypocrisy of members of a community who refuse to acknowledge that each of them is just as human, just as vulnerable to passionate feelings as the women they label an adulterer. I could go on and on. The Scarlet Letters psychological aspects seem never-ending.The letter is a symbol. While it has many implied meanings, it also has literal meanings. The first and most obvious of the latter(prenominal) is that Hesters A stands for adultery and , as the narrator puts it, womens frailty and sinful passion (83). But the A on her breast begins to represent dissimilar things as the story unfolds. For example, some people begin to think the A stands for able when she helps out the community. In the course of the novel, the A seems to encompass the entire kitchen stove of human beingness, from the earthly and passionate adulteress to the pure and... ...in America during the seventeenth century. He wanted his readers to develop their own interpretation of how America has changed. A number, that for certain exceptions, usually does not mean anything other tha n its value. Thus, it was ruled out.Why is it The Scarlet Letter? Why not The Scarlet A? A title is much more effective when it is more general. At the end of the day, authors write books to make money. The Scarlet A is a confusing, as well as less(prenominal) appealing, title that would have sold much less. The title is better off being general, and then allowing the book to be more specific. What is more memorable? The Scarlet Letter or The Scarlet A Adultery in the 1600s? The Scarlet Letter was titled the way it was for a reason. It symbolizes and appeals to every major basis in the book, while making it obvious on first glance what the book centralizes on.
The chromatic garner, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is a cult classic. And with good reason. Anyone who simply believes that the title of this obligate just signifies that the protagonist wears a scarlet A on her dress in punishment of her adultery is ignorant. Obviously this paper would not be essential if such were true. Instead, The reddened earn is extremely ambiguous. One can argue that the scarlet letter is a character itself. I intend to flesh this fall pop in literary, historic, and symbolic terms.What is The Scarlet Letter really about? It has all the ingredients of a soap opera, but it is far more than that, (Johnson 1995) writes Claudia Durst Johnson in her book which analyzes The Scarlet Letter thoroughly. Rather it is about the consequences of breaking the moral code, or in this case a moral law. It is about failing to be true to gracious nature. It is about cruel and terrible revenge. It is about the hypocrisy of members of a community who refuse to acknowledge that each of them is just as human, just as penetrable to peevishnessate feelings as the women they label an adulterer. I could go on and on. The Scarlet Letters psychological aspects seem never-ending.The letter is a symbol. While it has many implied meanings, it also has literal meanings. The first and most obvious of the latter is that Hesters A stands for adultery and , as the narrator puts it, womens frailty and sinful passion (83). But the A on her breast begins to represent different things as the story unfolds. For example, some people begin to think the A stands for able when she helps out the community. In the course of the novel, the A seems to encompass the entire range of human beingness, from the earthly and passionate adulteress to the pure and... ...in America during the seventeenth century. He precious his readers to develop their own interpretation of how America has changed. A number, except for certain exceptions, usually does not mean anything other than its valu e. Thus, it was ruled out.Why is it The Scarlet Letter? Why not The Scarlet A? A title is much more effective when it is more general. At the end of the day, authors write books to make money. The Scarlet A is a confusing, as well as less appealing, title that would have sold much less. The title is better off being general, and accordingly allowing the book to be more specific. What is more memorable? The Scarlet Letter or The Scarlet A Adultery in the 1600s? The Scarlet Letter was titled the way it was for a reason. It symbolizes and appeals to every major theme in the book, while making it obvious on first glance what the book centralizes on.
Monday, May 27, 2019
What ar assumptions? How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking? effrontery is an head one believes to be true based on preceding experience or ones belief systems. (Elder & Paul, 2002) Assumptions are a differentiate of our belief system but we dont know that they are true or not. Assumptions are a vital part of our critical thinking. If we employ assumptions all the time then we would not be able to use critical thinking. It doesnt matter where we are at, it is imperative to know all the facts prior to drawing any kind of conclusion or it becomes an assumption. It may be difficult at times to utilize critical thinking but by keeping an open minded aspect will help to prevent assumptions. There is nothing worse than making an assumption and then to be confronted by someone who has all the facts can shatter your confidence. You can avoid this by researching all the facts and utilizing your critical thinking abilities to cover every corner and aspect of your idea or topic. This is the key to keep from making assumptions. What are fallacies? How are fallacies use in written, oral, and visual affirmations? What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking?Fallacies are deceptive or misleading arguments that are untrue or unreliable. Fallacies are mainly used to help support a persons argument when they cant find factual evidence to back up their statements. Fallacies can be used in many different ways. They are used on purpose in fictional writing and magazines like People. Fallacies can be orally used by someone when they are telling a firsthand story but are only versed in their side so it may come off as unintentional. I cipher fallacies being mostly used visually popliteal ads and propaganda media campaigns.They get away with most of these fallacies because the amount of time it takes to research the truth usually takes too great before the psychological damag e is already done on the public. People tend to trust what others say unless they have found previous fallacies in their statements. I avoid believing fallacies by being conservative in my thoughts. If I see something that I might consider to be fallacious by my then(prenominal) experiences then I do the research to find out the facts. Fallacies and assumptions hold the same key as research will reveal them all.
Sunday, May 26, 2019
Harmonizing to recent worldwide estimations, 1.7 one million million million people are classified as either corpulence or corpulent, more(prenominal) than 1 billion have high slant pressure, and more than 500 million have either diabetes or the pre-diabetes position, stricken glucose tolerance ( IGT ) Hoss personal et Al. 2007 .Metabolic syndrome ( MetS ) A is a complex and multivariate disease thought to be when a figure ofA coincident metabolousA abnormalcies occur in the same person with a frequence high(prenominal) than it could be expected by opportunity, foremost coined syndrome Ten in 1988 by ( Reaven 1998 ) . The first formal definition of the MetS was put away in 1998 by the realness Health Organization ( WHO ) .The International Diabetes Federation ( IDF ) described a syndrome as a recognizable composite of symptoms and physiologic or biochemical findings for which a range cause is non understoodathe constituents coexist more often than would be expected by op portunity entirely. When causal mechanisms are identified, the syndrome becomes a disease. MetS is so a composite of complecting think factors for cardiovascular disease ( CVD ) , diabetes and shot. The bunch of hazard factors encompasses dysglycemia ( unnatural glucose degrees ) , raised blood force per unit area ( high blood pressure ) , hyperglycemia, elevated triglyceride degrees, junior-grade high-density lipoprotein cholesterin degrees, and central adiposeness tissue paper paper degrees ( fleshiness ) .Metabolic syndrome has been assigned its ain ICD-9 symptomatic codification 277.7, but there is ongoing contention about(predicate) whether metabolic syndrome is a homogenous upset or disease, and whether it merits acknowledgment as a syndrome ( Huang 2009 ) . MetS has many factors involved most surveies agree that the underlying pathology of abnormalcies seems to be cogitate to insulin antagonist ( IR ) and fleshiness. The job and confusion comes from the differences in standards for the diagnosing of MetS by the ( WHO, 1998 ) , the European Group for survey on insulin Resistance ( EGIR ) in 1999, the National cholesterin Education Program Adult Treatment Panel ternary ( NCEP-ATP III ) in 2001, the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung and argument Institute and the ( IDF ) 2005. no matter of which standard is used for diagnosing, tout ensemble study bureaus agree to an extent that the cardinal factors include fleshiness and waist perimeter ( WC ) , insulin opposition, dyslipidemia, and high blood pressure ( Alberti et al 2006 )Multiple diagnostic standards from several beginnings have given rise to confusion and incompatibilities. Because of the different threshold degrees and how they they are combined to name, there may be fluctuations deep down in the same population at analysis of informations, taking to skewed hazard schemes and the prioritization of patients and their preventative intervention. One individual may be diagnose d and intervention on the footing of one set of standards, but so be ineligible utilizing another.The purpose of this instance survey is to place and foregrounding the most relevant and up to day of the month facets of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, experimental theoretical accounts, and related clinical and population informations in relation to MetS.The World Health Organization ( WHO ) estimates that more than 1 billion people are overweight globally, and if the flowing tendency continues, that figure will increase to 1.5 billion by 20154. It is estimated that over 1.7 billion individuals worldwide are punishing, more than 300 million of whom are clinically corpulent. This appendix is a multifactor with deficiency of exercising, aging, familial sensitivity and hormonal alterations being cited. This addition in fleshiness and fleshy people is associated with the addition in preponderance of Mets and diabetes ( cracked et al 2011 ) . Abdominal fleshiness is linked with the opposition effects of insulin on peripheral glucose and fatty blistery metamorphosis, which can consequences in quality 2 diabetes mellitus.With fleshiness comes Insulin opposition and that can take to hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycaemia, and change magnitude adipocyte cytokines that contribute to endothelial disfunction, altered lipid profile, high blood pressure, and systemic redness. This procedure of harm can advance the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease ( CVD ) . at that placefore Mets has several possible aetiologic classs, upsets of adipose tissue insulin opposition and the grouping of independent factors of hepatic, vascular, and immunologic beginning involved in different constituents of the MetS. When the single constituents of Mets cluster together and this is associated with both the addition hazard of Diabetes and CVD ( Wild et al 2011 )With many hazard factors for CVD included within the MetS associate definition and standard s, the purpose is provide utile early diagnosing of MetS that in deflection identifies persons with cardinal fleshiness and cardio-metabolic hazard factors. ( Wild et Al 2011 ) . These persons are at increased hazard of type 2 diabetes, CVD, non-alcoholic fatso liver disease ( NAFLD ) and repose apnoeas. These hazard factors like abdominal fat degrees can frequently be left untreated as separately they do non justify intercession. Not all fleshy people are at high hazard degrees of vascular disease, type 2 diabetes and NADFL. The Mets definition is aimed at placing the subgroups of these fleshy and corpulent persons that are at a high hazard of the effects of inordinate abdominal fat and Insulin Resistance ( IR ) .As mentioned above, several organisations have established their ain diagnostic standards for MetS, NCEP ATP III, AHA/ NHLBI, WHO, IDF, EGIR, and ACE. With In there diagnostic standards of the MetS, different combinations of predating pathological factors are required, including Iridium, dysglycemia, low HDL-C, hypertriglyceridemia, fleshiness or increased waist perimeter, high blood pressure, impaired glucose tolerance ( IGT ) or DM, microalbuminuria and hyperinsulinemia. ( See Table 1 ) .The preponderance of the MetS is increasing throughout the universe ( who ) the many different estimations are nevertheless dependent on the definition used and the topic ( e.g. , sex, age, race, and ethnicity ) . The WHO and NCEP ATPIII definitions are similar for fleshiness, high blood pressure, and dyslipidemia. The inclusion of requirements, IR, IGT, and type 2 diabetes of the WHO definition are more tapered.The estimations reached by the assorted definitions in a individual population are frequently really similar across surveies the rates are variable in subpopulations with MetS and besides in the midst of cultural groups. Therefore the planetary prevalence estimations of MetS vary and are unsure. Statistically, the incidence of metabolic syndrome is reported from assorted beginnings over the decennary is variable between the populations. It was estimated that 20-30 % European population is affected ( Vosatkova et al 2012 ) .The consequences of a wide-spread epidemiological survey carried out among the US population head metabolic syndrome prevalence of 23.9 % as defined by the standards of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III and 25.1 % harmonizing to WHO standards ( Ford and Giles, 2003 ) . Most surveies used the NCEP-ATP III definition and showed an elevated prevalence of MS in different parts of the universe. Harmonizing to ( NHANES ) 2003-2006, about 34 % of people studied met the NCEP ATPIII revised standards for MetS. ( Appendix Table 2 )A reappraisal of current prevalence tendencies and statistics was carried out in by ( Marjani 2012 ) identified the following planetary incidence and epidemiological findings from assorted equal reviewed beginningsThe undermentioned information is taken from ( Marjani 2012 ) Th e prevalence of MetS was prepare to increase with age with 20 % of males and 16 % of females under 40 old ages of age, 41 % of males and 37 % of females between 40-59 old ages, and 52 % of males and 54 % of females 60 old ages and over by and large.Incidence of metabolic syndrome additions as age progresses. In a survey in Turkey, the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 15.3 % , 23.1 % , 28.0 % , 26.0 % , and 20.5 % among people old from 30 to 39, 40 to 49, 50 to 59, 60 to 69, 70 to 79 and a? 80 old ages old, severally.Study of Ford showed that the prevalence in the US was16.5 % and 46.4 % for males decrepit 20 to 60, and 19.1 % to 56.0 % , for females with additions in MetS prevalence with increased age 19 .World Health organisation predicts the prevalence of fleshiness to be 4.8 % in developed states, 17.1 % in developing and 20 % in less developed.Cardiovascular disease is one of the chief cause of decease among adult females in the universe. .women aged more than 55 h ave a higher incidence of cardiovascular disease than younger adult females. In several surveies, the incidences of metabolic syndrome among postmenopausal adult females were found to be increased in the universe.The prevalence of metabolic syndrome ( utilizing the WHO definition ) in Ireland was 21 % . The prevalence was higher in males ( 24.6 % ) than in females ( 17.8 % ) .The Botnia survey ( utilizing the WHO definition ) found the prevalence in Finland was 84 % and 78 % in male and female topics with type-2 diabetes, severally.In the United States, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 21.8 % utilizing the ATP III definition. Mexican Americans had the highest prevalence of metabolic syndrome ( 31.9 % ) . The prevalence was similar for male ( 24.0 % ) and female ( 23.4 % ) subjects.The prevalence in Isfahan ( Iran ) was 65.0 % with higher rate in females than males ( 71.7 % female and 55.8 % male ) .The prevalence in Karachi ( Pakistan ) was 79.7 % in type 2 diabetics, ( 45. 5 % females and 34.3 % males ) .The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetics in Japan was 168 ( 26.37 % ) out of 637 type 2 diabetic patients. The prevalence was higher in males ( 45.9 % ) than females ( 28.0 % ) .A survey done in Korean estimates the overall prevalence was 32.6 % . The prevalence was found to be 46.9 % and 65.1 % among males and females severally.The overall prevalence among Saudis with type 2 diabetes was 22.64 % ( 19.49 % male, 25.17 % female ) .The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetic patients is higher in females ( 53.27 % ) than males ( 48.71 % ) , and that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Gorgan is appreciably higher compared with that in some other states.One of the latest and up to day of the month documents by ( Craig and Turner 2012 ) made a systematic reappraisal of 85 surveies. They found the average prevalence of MetS in whole populations was 3.3 % , in fleshy kids was 11.9 % , and in corpulent populations was 29.2 % . Although prevalence rates are varied throughout the universe it is make believe that metabolic syndrome has developed into epidemic degrees and farther research is needed as the mechanisms of MetS are non to the full known ( Cornier et al 2008 ) . As described above, the general possibleness to depict the pathophysiology of MetS is insulin opposition and abdominal fleshiness ( Cornier et al 2008 ) .Visceral fleshiness is the chief cause of the metabolic syndrome, and is associated with development of high blood pressure in the metabolic syndrome via a assortment of pathwaysA ( go steady1 ) .Metabolic Syndrome and its related upsetsInsulin oppositionCardinal fleshinessGlucose intoleranceDyslipidemia with elevated triglyceridesLow HDL-cholesterolMicroalbuminuriaPredominance of little heavy LDL-cholesterol atoms elevated blood pressureEndothelial disfunctionOxidative emphasisInflammationRelated upsets of polycystic ovarian syndrome, fatty liver disease ( NASH ) , and urarth ritisA major subscriber is an surfeit of go arounding fatty acids, released from an expanded abdominal adipose tissue. Free Fatty Acids ( FFA ) cut down insulin sensitiveness in musculus by suppressing insulin-mediated glucose consumption. Increased degree of go arounding glucose additions pancreatic insulin secernment ensuing in hyperinsulinemia. In the liver, FFA increase the mathematical product of glucose, triglycerides and secernment of really low denseness lipoproteins ( very low density lipoprotein ) . The effect is the decrease in glucose transmutation to glycogen and increased lipid accretion in triglyceride ( TG ) . Insulin is an of import antilipolytic endocrine. In the instance of insulin opposition, the increased sum of lipolysis of stored triacylglycerol molecules in adipose tissue produces more fatty acids, which could farther suppress the antilipolytic consequence of insulin, making extra lipolysis and more FFA.This build up of FFA from increased the volume of adip ocytes runway to IR through the look of assorted proinflammatory cytokines. These cytokines, tumour mortification factor ( TNF ) -I , interleukin ( IL ) -1 and IL-6 are increased in adipose tissue but the production of anti-inflammatory adipokine adiponectin is reduced, this look is linked to systemic redness. The instability of pro- and anti-inflammatory adipokines, induces insulin opposition by impairing the insulin signalling procedure. ( acquire ref ) . This addition in cytokines labour lipolysis and increase Free fatty acids ( FFAs ) so causes endothelial disfunction and increased coronary arterial blood vessel disease hazard ( Wieser et al 2013 ) See ( Appendix Figure 2 )Inflammatory cytokines have been reported in the development of high blood pressure. ( Grundy 2003 ) suggests a important association among redness, high blood pressure, and the metabolic syndrome. TNF-I stimulates the production of endothelin-1 and angiotensinogen. interleukin-6 ( IL-6 ) is a multifunctiona l cytokine which mediates inflammatory responses and stimulates the cardinal queasy system and sympathetic nervous system. This mediates an addition in plasma angiotensinogen and angiotonin II, and hence high blood pressure. ( Sarafidis and Bakris 2007 ) show that IR increases leptin and NEFA degrees thereby augmenting sympathetic nervous activation. The survey besides showed NEFA to raise blood force per unit area, bosom rate, and I1-adrenoceptor vasoreactivity, while cut drink down baroreflex sensitiveness, endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, and vascular conformity.Insulin has anti-natriuretic and stimulates nephritic Na re-absorption. Insulin opposition and the ensuing hyperinsulinemia induce blood force per unit area lift by the activation of sympathetic nervous system and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system ( RAAS ) causes sodium obligeing and volume enlargement, endothelial disfunction and change in nephritic map. The subsequent hyperinsulinemia promotes the addition in sodium soak up by the kidneys, which can impair force per unit area natriuresis, thereby doing high blood pressure in salt-sensitive persons. Hyperinsulinemia increases the sympathetic activity, taking to arterial high blood pressure. 1475-2891-7-10-1 ( 1 ) .jpg( Figure 2 ) IR proposed tracts. YanaiA et al.A Nutrition JournalA 2008A 710 doi10.1186/1475-2891-7-10Insulin opposition is characterized by pathway-specific damage in phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase signalling. In the endothelium, this may do an instability between the production of azotic oxide and secernment of endothelin-1, taking to decreased blood flow. The accretion of splanchnic fat elevates the activity in the renin-angiotensin system, due to an increased production of angiotensinogen, which accordingly favours arterial high blood pressure. FFAs contribute to endothelial disfunction by a combination of lessened PI3K-Akt signalling, increased oxidative emphasis. And increased ET-1 production.Insulin opposition and spla nchnic fleshiness are associated with atherogenic dyslipidemia ( Semenkovich, 2006 ) . Atherogenic dyslipidemia can develop from increased ( FFAs ) . They are known to assist the production of the lipoprotein ( apoB ) within ( very low density lipoprotein ) atoms, ensuing in more VLDL production. Insulin usually breaks down apoB through PI3K-dependent tracts, therefore insulin opposition additions VLDL production. Hypertriglyceridemia in insulin opposition is the consequence of both an addition in VLDL production and a lessening in VLDL clearance. VLDL is metabolized to remnant lipoproteins and little dense LDL, both of which can advance atheroma formation.Insulin opposition besides causes endothelial disfunction by diminishing Akt kinase activity, ensuing in lessened eNOS phosphorylation and activity. Phosphorylation of eNOS is required for the hemodynamic actions of insulin, this consequences in lessened blood flow to skeletal musculus and endothelial disfunction that so worsens i nsulin opposition.The metabolic consequences of drawn-out insulin opposition produce Glucose intolerance. AS mentioned earlier, glucose consumption in adipocytes and skeletal musculus cells is decreased and can no longer be absorbed by the cells but remains in the blood, but hepatic glucose production is increased. Therefore an overrun insulin by beta cells to keep plasma glucose homeostasis. Once the pancreas is no longer able to bring forth adequate insulin to get the better of the insulin opposition, impaired glucose tolerance ( IGT ) develops. Harmonizing to the World Health Organization, IGT is a pre diabetic status in which serum glucose concentrations range between 140 and 200A mg/dL 2 H after a 75A g glucose burden ( WHO )Persons with IGT have extended sledding of first full point insulin secernment and a decreased 2nd stage, and persons with type 2 diabetes have small first stage insulin release at all. ( Mackie and Zafari 2006 ) Postprandial hyperglycaemia appears to br ing forth oxidative emphasis, addition protein glycation, addition hypercoagulability, and damage endothelial cells, all of which promote coronary artery disease. Hyperglycemia is a well-known hazard factor for micro and macrovascular disease ( HutchesonA andA Rocic 2012 ) and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality via means an increased hazard of CVD and type 2 diabetes among others.Metabolic syndrome is associated with increased oxidative emphasis. Recent documents suggest that some of the implicit in pathologies contribute more entire oxidative emphasis than others ( HutchesonA andA Rocic 2012 ) ( huge grounds to see, more research needed ) Adipose tissue has been shown to lend to the production of reactive O species and proinflammatory cytokines, including TNF-I , IL-6, and IL-18. Previous surveies showing that fleshiness and MetS are individually associated with increased oxidative emphasis and inflammatory load. The presence of MetS exacerbates oxidative and inf lammatory emphasis in corpulent grownups with higher systemic markers of oxidative emphasis and low-grade chronic redness in corpulent grownups with MetS compared with corpulent grownups free of MetS ( Guilder 2006 ) . Cross-sectional informations from 2,002 non-diabetic topics of the community-based Framingham Offspring Study has shown that systemic oxidative emphasis is associated with insulin opposition ( Meigs 2007 ) . There are besides negative effects of inordinate and deficient slumber on metabolic syndrome prevalence are described in ( Vosatkova et al 2012 ) . disdain a familial background of the upset, its outgrowth and development are strongly influenced by life manner. Therefore, intervention metabolic syndromeA by and large focuses onA diet and exercising. regularA physical activityA and a diet with aA restricted Calories intake, that is high inA whole grains, A monounsaturated fatsA and works nutrients ( such as theA Mediterranean diet ( Kastorini 2011 ) . The medical d irection of metabolic syndrome includes CVD hazard, Blood force per unit area control WITH ( angiotension-converting enzyme ( ACE ) A inhibitors AND ORA angiotension receptor blockersA ( ARBs ) , drug therapy for Cholesterol withA lipid-lowering medicines ) , preventive Diabetes intervention and Exercise rehabilitation plans to help loss and mobility,In decision prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing steadily across assorted populations increasing hazards CVD and Diabetes related co-morbidities. Metabolic syndrome includes insulin opposition, splanchnic adiposeness, atherogenic dyslipidemia and endothelial disfunction and their ain related effects. The pathophysiological mechanisms of Mets are all interconnected. With changing planetary statistics and multiple universe definitions and standards a comprehensive cosmopolitan definition of the metabolic syndrome is needed for elucidation. The NCEP ATP III definition uses straightforward standards that are measured readily AND e asiest to use clinically and epidemiologically.Metabolic syndrome and its different definitions do place the pathophysiological mechanisms that underline the procedure Insulin opposition and cardinal fleshiness are clearly cardinal constituents of the disease as they both cause glucose intolerance and dysplycemia. Metabolic syndrome is complex and there is new research on traveling. The best signifier of bar seem to be an easy hole for most MetS persons, lifestyle alterations and weightless.
Saturday, May 25, 2019
L & D Assignment 2 The Importance of Learning Organization A information establishment whole shebang with ideas i. e. it comes up with new ideas on all levels, disseminates these new ideas across the organization and finally inculcates these new ideas into operations by embedding them in its policies processes and reviews. It has structured mechanisms and processes put in place to generate knowledge and it takes this new knowledge as a basis of responding to the change in its line of descent environment. A education organization as per its formal definition is skilled at two things which are as follows a. Creating, acquiring, interpreting, transferring and retaining knowledge which is relevant to its business processes for enable it to achieve its business objective in an efficient manner. b. ) Acting or modifying its behaviour as an organization to respond to that new knowledge and insights. To be a successful organization one must monitor its processes and make sure that they are efficient. A study organization observes its business processes and learns where it is efficient and where it is not.It encourages organizations to shift to a more interconnected course of thinking. A learning organization has five main features systems thinking, personal mastery, mental models, shared vision and team learning. In the article Is yours a learning organization the authors David Garvin and Amy Edmondson draw the three building blocks of learning which fosters the creation of a learning organization which are as follows a. ) A supportive learning environment b. ) A cover learning processes and practices c. Leadership that reinforces learning Importance of learning organization in current business context Ray Stata, the confounder and chairman of the board of Analog Devices erstwhile quoted The rate at which organizations learn may exit the only sustainable lineage of competitive advantage. In highly competitive current business scenario products and run can easily be copied or emulated by the competitors. Even processes can be copied for example Six sigma is easily available and accessible to anyone for implementation.Thus the only source of sustainable competitive advantage for any organization is rapid pace of learning and the execution of this new knowledge in its internal processes. Furthermore, the current business environment is evolving at a in truth rapid pace due to globalization, deregulation and evolution of new business paradigms. As an organization the only way to survive and compete in this business environment is to suck in a rate of learning which is greater than this rate of change of the business environment. Barriers in cosmos a learning organization The idea of a learning organization is been well-nigh for quite close to time.The discussion about the learning organization has been around for almost 4 decades but there were certain shortcomings and limitations of in these ideas of learning organizations. As a res ult of which these ideas have failed to bring about little cover change as they should have. Firstly, the fundamental fallacies with these sign ideas were that they were abstract concepts without concrete prescriptions for actions for the organizations. For an organization to be able to change, it needs to know the steps requirement to solve the problems it faces.Secondly, these initial concepts of learning organization were aimed at the top managements of the organization without including the middle level managers. These managers heading divisions, departments and projects where the real critical work of the organization happens. Their inclusion was very necessary because these are the people who are primarily responsible for generation of business intelligence at the operational level. Thirdly, there was real lack or standards or tools through which the managers can assess how well they were doing on being a learning organization. An Ideal learning organizationThe concept of p erfection is in itself toughened as no individual or organization cannot ever claim to be perfect no matter how good they are. However, the one organization which comes very close to becoming a ideal learning organization is General Electric (GE). Infact, In his last letter to the shareholders Jack Welch wrote that I finally recognize why we as an organization are so successful. The reason is that we are an learning organization. They have all three building blocks (processes, environment and leadership) which is prerequisite to become a successful learning organization. Role of management in building Learning OrganizationManagers can sustain their teams have a supportive learning environment. In particular, the concept of psychological safety where the perceive that the workplace environment one that is comfortable for asking questions, making mistakes and floating of new ideas related their phone line role responsibilities. Basically, the managers facilitate the creation of a workplace environment which is conducive to taking personal risks by the employees that it is absolutely essential for learning. The managers should make conscious efforts to help people be comfortable with the risks which are present in the workplace today.So that the employees can engage in the learning processes without fear. Apart from a supportive learning environment the managers can also put in place concrete processes and procedures for experimentation, sharing knowledge and best practices across the organization and ways of reflecting on what we have learned from past expierence. Each of these are systematic processes where companies generate ideas, respond to new knowledge and reflect on what they have already learnt. In some organisations a lack of a learning culture can be a barrier to learning.An environment must be created where individuals can share learning without it being devalued and ignored, so more people can benefit from their knowledge and the individuals beco mes empowered. A learning organization needs to fully accept the remotion of traditional hierarchical structures. As a manager the most ideal way to start implementation of the concept of Learning organization in its organization is to start within his/her own department by modelling the behaviours of learning himself like showing curiosity, asking a questions and laying emphasis on lush innovation.This kind of leadership at department levels creates the environment where more structured kind of processes to build a learning organization can take form. References 1. ) Garvin, David A. create a learning organization. Harvard Business Review (1993). 2. ) Garvin, David A. , Amy C. Edmondson, and Francesca Gino. Is yours a learning organization. Harvard Business Review (2008). 3. ) Darling, Marilyn, Charles Parry, and Joseph Moore. Learning in the thick of it. Harvard Business Review (2005).
Friday, May 24, 2019
What does symbolism add to a book? It adds morals and depth to the novel. It makes the reader learn something interesting or lets them gain knowledge of something that quite a little change their outlook on how they perceive things. In the novel Catcher in the Rye, by J. D. Salinger, it is about a perplexed boy, Holden Caulfield. He has trouble relations the issue of growing up. One of the major symbols in the book is Holdens red inquisition hat. Salinger uses the hat to signify Holdens pick out for comfort and his girlish problems and pressures.To begin, when reading the novel one agnisems to come upon Holdens red hunting hat many times temporary hookup reading. This hunting hat demonstrates Holdens need for safety and comfort. He was deprived of it when he was a child for nobody ever asked him how he felt about his younger brother death and his travel to several(predicate) schools. The assurance one object can create is immense and thats exactly what it did for Holden. Hol den decides to leave Pencey early and heads to New York City. In cab he puts on his hat and says Id put on my red hunting hat when I was in the cab, just for the hell of it, but I took it off before I checked in (61).This quote illustrates how Holden feels the need to wear the hat in order to feel safe. He was out in New York City with nowhere to turn too and he had no place to go where he would feel welcomed. The hat seemed to give him a aesthesis of ease, but with that comfort at that place is a price to pay because he also felt insecure about how people will perceive him while wearing the hat. the red hunting hat is Holdens desire to be unique and keep his individuality. Not many people will walk voltaic pile the street wearing a red hunting hat, especially the way Holden wears it.Holden always wore the hat a certain way. I put my red hunting hat on, and turned the peak around to the back, the way I like it (52). Holden always put his hat on this way, showing he is clearly di fferent from the world. Usually when Holden is wearing his hat he tends to reject people, or has just previously rejected them. Subsequently, the hat also gives Holden insecurity that seems to cause him pressures that one commonly obtains during teenage years. But at time his pressure seemed to be a little extreme.My ears were nice and warm, though. That hat I bought had earlaps in it, and I put them on I dont give a damn how I looked. Nobody was around anyway. Everybody was in the sack (53). This quote exemplifies how Holden tends to take his image to seriously. that throughout the novel Holden says that people that are obsessed with their look are phony, showing the reader that at time he is a hypocrite considering hes obsessed with his look also. Not only does this happen once or twice but numerous times in the book.The quote tries to exempt that Holden does not care what people think about him and yet if he did not he would not have announced that everyone was sleeping and n obody could see him. When Stradlater gets home from his date with Jane Gallagher, he and Holden get in a fight. When it is over, both Holden and Stradlater are left in physical pain. I kept sitting there on the floor till I heard old Stradlater close the door and go down the corridor to the can, then I got up. I couldnt obtain my goddam hunting hat anywhere. Finally I found it I put it on, and turned the old peak around to the back, the way I want it (45).The fight that Holden has with Stradlater is about Stradlater going out on a date with Holdens friend Jane Gallagher. Holden gets upset with Stradlater for doing that because he thinks that Stradlater will cause Jane to lose her innocence. aft(prenominal) Holden puts his hat on he stops thinking about Janes innocence and about his face, a more rational, less emotional subject. This also verifies a very apparent fact Holden seems to not be able up make up his mind on great number of things He seems to scratch himself in a confus ed mess.
Thursday, May 23, 2019
Cultur eachy, we ar becoming more similar across the globe Introduction Apart from modify definitions of the term world-wideization, the matter requires focusing on a simple explanation of this concept. Indeed, globalization is recognized as an ongoing process that accompanies with it, noticeably, certain ch tout ensembleenges, much(prenominal) as a wide range of integrated communities, regional economics, and cultures, through a wide range of communication and trading. However, still the argument by all experts is corresponding to the theme whereas globalization provides similarity for individuals or not, at the cultural space.This paper articulates an in-depth discussion of this theme. 1- globalization hitherto though, globalization may be specify economically as a new integration of the entire global economies through the capital flows, migration, trading, technical spread, and basically foreign direct investment. 2- Culture and Globalization Despite the fact that in that r espect are recently ongoing political, economic and even cultural uniformitarian of the world, relativism has been raised to the very urgent issues of a philosophical agenda, on with some(prenominal) opposite various disciplines.There is still the question, which is puzzling that all thoughts related to the concept of whether there is an extension of cultural diversity influence the products and activities of brotherly and cerebrate science or not (Steger, 2009). The opponents of global similarity built their vision on the importance of citizenship, even though the entire world became such a small village. To maintain citizenship reflects the fact of regular movements in many countries, simply to gain rights, and those different rights from other nations.National citizenship has its power and calls for the rights of citizens (Aronowitz, 2003). Lechner (2004), states that one preserve consider the course of study 1989 as a representation of citizenship. Even recently, many nat ional movements call for acquiring the full citizenship, which reflects more rights, responsibilities, and dignities. An example of the global movements is the Arab Spring Revolutions. Globalization, it has took off in 1989 when the exponential growth in the analyses of the global universe began to call for a putative global reconstitution of political, economic, and cultural relationships as well.It has reflected the fact that people were living in a global village, as the struggles for citizenship have brought instantaneously and was living into their various homes (Krishna, 2008). Indeed, the struggles for the citizenship has been seen in the fall of the Berlin Wall along with the crushing of the Pro-Democracy movement in China, were inherited through the communication systems of global media. 3- Role of Media Indeed, this term, New Media has been defined according to many theories and opinions.Notwithstanding, there are regular debate over its impact and the convergence. To s ummarize up, both New Media and Digital Revolution have been employed interchangeably. Looking at the first term, new media, simply, indicates to profound changes, especially in the electronic communications, which rear to 1980s, whereas digital revolution indicates to the influence of this rapid drop in the involved cost and as well this rapid expansion of digital devices power, such as telecommunications and computer.Additionally, this change brought with it certain increasing globalization, social and expert transformations, and mainly, these changes in the way by which persons back see themselves and the surrounded world. Most importantly, this rapid change of scientific revolution brings with it many challenges, especially which are corresponding with generating social changes focusing on these implicit virtues, values, and vices that are possessed by this rapid changed technology. With the highest change of technological revolution, U.S. A. could evolve with cultural relat ivism along with being included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. One more critical point here undeniable to be clarified. This challenge indicated to the transformation of the elements of cultural relativism. From this theme, U. S. A could expand its power to justify its universalistic ideology. This in turn, involved enhancing, civilizing, and as well liberating the indigenous human beings in an imperious extension. This is seen unequivocally in the economical policy of United States in Middle East.Despite all of the dark events and contradicts faced by cultural relativism, it must(prenominal) be put into consideration and again, with in-depth awareness that unlike any of the old generals, the arguments of cultural relativism neither fade away nor die (Dascal, 1991). Again, according to Dascal (1991), there is a necessity of deriving the new future of the theory from the frequently committed fallacy of confusion of cultural relativism with any other cultural divers ity or variability.The second can be derived from the clear fact that recently there is not just one type of cultural relativism, but instead there are three types. These types must be considered widely when we are interested in adding to the future of cultural relativism. Those types of descriptive, epistemological and normal must be re-designated under(a) the same term to avoid any further confusion. Those three types are not mere analytical acts that are separated, but they are considered historically distinct.The last mentioned element must explicate any adverted results of epistemological relativism to assist this contemporary type of the theory, cultural relativism for more acts anthropologically and full of researches as well (Dascal, 1991). Again, apart from elusive criticism of the wrong attitude of this ad, there is still hopefully, a positive evidence that old prejudices are fading with the introduction of each new genesis to the rightful thinking, slowly eliminating old habits, thoughts, and actions that have been accepted for far too long.Back to the human rights principles, still media needs to play strongly, its role in clarifying those principles obviously. Even though, cultural relativism included certain methodological and epistemological claims, which could be found easily in the aforesaid ad the principle of cultural relativism should not be confused with the ideas of moral relativism, which advocated the theme of claiming relatively to historical, cultural, social, or personal circumstances.Internet, the global money markets, the world travel, the globally recognized brands, the globally organized corporations, and the global celebrities living, etcall have spoken of new modes of the social experience, which transcend each nation-state plus to its constitution of the national citizen (Mittelman, 2004). When everyone is seeking to be an actual citizen of the existing national friendship or to establish his own national society, the ter m globalization has appeared to be changing what it is supposed to be a citizen (Ritzer & Atalay, 2010).Globalization appears to involve certain weakening of the social power and such a corresponding development of what is called post-national citizenship. Most of the national citizenships are nowadays losing their required grounds to the model of membership, which should be universal and unique. such a model should include membership, which is located within the increasing of territorialized nations of the extra universal rights of individuals. This post-national citizenship is, particularly, connected with the uest workings growth across various societies, greater global interdependence, which can overlap the memberships of different categories of citizenship. The emergence of universalistic conceptions and rules regarding all human rights have been formalized by all international laws and codes (Smith, 2002). Even though, according to Aronowitz (2003), the contemporary citizensh ip is cognise as loosely post-modern. In fact, there is no modern rational-legal state at all, particularly with any clear monopoly of power, which can be able to experience unambiguous duties and rights to its citizens who may appear such a nation of strangers.Most importantly, and as mentioned by Krishna (2008), the global processes restructure certain social inequalities, while they are transforming many states into those regulators of flows. In addition, brands, corporations, NGOs and many of multi-national states have emerged more powerful than mere nation-states. Communities, such as Chinese, have developed no coterminous with the nation states boundaries. This huge growth of post-national citizenship stem from a wide processes and many institutional arrangements, which are stretching within completely different communities.The result is there is huge variety of citizenships that are emerging in the present world (Lechner, 2004). Many examples of developing of that putative global citizenship, which can be articulated from the global media attitudes. Looking at the global mass media, one can figure out its consideration of citizenship as having necessitated certain symbolic resources, which have been distributed through different means of communication. There is an obvious theme of cultural citizenship, which is corresponding to the rights of all social groups, such as age, ethnic, gender, and sexual to full cultural participation within their communities.As to responsibilities and duties of global world, there is a theme, which demonstrates a stance of cosmopolitanism towards many other cultures, environments, and other citizens (Ritzer, 2010). Such cosmopolitanism involves either consuming such environments across the globe completely or even refusing to so consume those environments. Media plays its role professionally in this regard, while it is producing certain images as well as information, which provide solid means by which nature has beat to be recognized as seriously threatened has become such a widely shared belief recently.Dramatically, the existence of the global networks and the huge flows can involve curious hybrids of the once-separate private and public spheres. The result will be an increase overlap between the private and public spheres, therefore on the other hand, between great issues of citizenship along with the nature of the contemporary consumerism (Macionis & Plummer, 2012). Most preciously, culture and cultural policies that crisscross the private and public spheres are however, representing challenges of citizenship. ConclusionGlobalization accompanies new themes, which may be contradicted with original culture and principles of citizens. Many appeals within the recent global media are interested strongly with the development of a sense of planetary province, instead of that responsibility for certain locales. This is considered, relatively a new notion and, particularly one, which appears to disting uish all humans from other known species. The previous citizenships have been focused on antagonism between humans who are inside and those others who are outside, upon defining those non-citizens, the other, or those enemies.This reflects, simply, the fact that no similarity through the globe at all. References Aronowitz, S. (2003) Implicating empire globalization and resistance in the 21st century world order, Basic Books. Dascal, M. (1991) Cultural Relativism and Philosophy North and Latin American Perspectives, Leiden BRILL. Krishna, S. (2008) Globalization and postcolonialism hegemony and resistance in the twenty-first century, Rowman & Littlefield. Lechner, F. (2004) The globalization reader, Wiley-Blackwell. Macionis, J. & Plummer, K. , 2012, Sociology A Global Introduction. th Edition, Harlow Pearson Education Limited, pp 165-169. Mittelman, J. (2004) Whither globalization? the vortex of knowledge and ideology, Routledge. Ritzer, G. 2010, Globalization A Basic Text, Malden Wiley-Blackwell, pp243-276. Ritzer, G. & Atalay, 2010, Readings in Globalization nominate concepts and Debates, Malden Wiley-Blackwell, pp307-424. Smith, J. (2002) Globalization and resistance transnational dimensions of social movements, Rowman & Littlefield. Steger, M. 2009 Globalization A Very Short Introduction, Oxford Oxford University Press, pp71-83.
Wednesday, May 22, 2019
1.1 Describe the different features of tele border systems and how to hire themTele promise systems consent m all different puzzle outs eg hold, transfer, prune and making a bring forward. Thousands of organisations use the headphone system as it is a reli fitting and easy way to contact clients and fellow participators. Putting a call on hold ordain allow you leave your work space to perhaps collect documents, ask colleagues some questions or find another colleague to deal with the call. Another function of the telephone is transferring calls, if a client calls the reception desk and asks for a colleague then you can transfer the call using the extension number. This is a fast an trenchant strategy as it allows you to transfer the call straight away, with no interruptions. Furthermore, another function of the telephone is the ability to ignore a call. Ignoring a phone call isnt professional but sometimes it may occur, a blocked number may call and then you have the choice t o either ignore it or answer.1.2 Give reasons for identifying the purpose of a call before making itIdentifying the purpose of the call allows you to prep atomic number 18 yourself before the call. Knowing and planning what you atomic number 18 exhalation to say is an excellent strategy to have. Writing down all of the facts and having the right phone number to call is essential, being confident and knowing the purpose of the phone call is a great way to show that you are professional. If you dont prepare yourself before a phone call it can coif across unprofessional, saying words such as erm and like shows the receiving system that you are unsure of the points you are trying to get across.1.3 Describe different ways of obtaining the fixs and numbers of people that need to be contactedThere are many different ways to obtain personal study such as the name of a client or their phone number. In working situations you can ask your Manager, HR, phone directory or even email the c lient. Human Resources allow forusually have a phone book or a business card holder that could have the clients name and number. Also your Manager should have a list of clients that they associate with, they can give you the name of the person you are trying to contact and a number. Furthermore, you can look in your organisations phone directory, they should have the clients details in there, along with an email address or a phone number.1.4 Describe how to use a telephone system to make contact with people inside and outside an 0rganisation Telephone systems are a great way for colleagues to communicate during working hours. Colleagues are able to transfer and divert calls to each other, or even take messages for each other. Also, it is a quick and easy way to get hold of other colleagues/people. Furthermore, you are able to contact clients and potential business partners via phone, it is a simple and effective manner of contacting someone that is virtually hassle free. If you try to call the client/colleague and they dont answer, you can always leave a voice mail with them so they can contact you later on in the mean solar day/at a later date.1.5 Explain the purpose of giving a positive image of self and own organisationIt is important to present a positive image of you and your organisation to influence people in taking you seriously. This attracts the best workforce when employment opportunities arise in the organisation and the best clients when attracting business. completely this translates into better returns and a higher profitability for the organisation. You are expected to present a positive image of yourself and your organisation because you will be able to see to and absorb the info that others are giving you, ask questions, when necessary, provide information to other people clearly and accurately, contribute to and allow others to contribute to, discussions, select and lead written information that contains the information you need, commu nicate well in writing, establish good working relationships with other people.1.6 Explain the purpose of summarising the outcomes of a telephone conference before ending the callIt is important to summarise the outcomes of a telephone conversation so that both parties agree on what has been said and there are no confusions, objectives are clean and the information is fresh in the mind for both parties to write down or relay to another call. You cannot see the recipients reactions during the conversation so a verbal confirmation of the outcomes is an essential way to know whether or not someone has misunderstood or has any qualms.1.7 Describe how to identify problems and who to refer them toWhen a call comes into the office always take a name (full name if possible and preferably) and the company they are call from, try and obtain from the caller either what the problem is. Pass the message along to relevant staff and see what information can be establish to resolve the problem. I f this is not possible try and locate a member of staff who can help from the information obtained from the caller eg If there is a wages problem then transfer the phone call to Lauren, she will be able to help the caller with the problem.1.8 Describe organisation structures and communicating channels in spite of appearance an organisationStaff have a role, shared decision making, specialisation is possible.1. Decisions pass down conventional channels from managers to staff members.2. Information flows up formal channels from staff to managers.3. Entrepreneurial decisions are made centrally4. Matrix staff with specific skills join project teams, each individual has a responsibility.5. self-sufficient seen in professions where organisations provide support systems and little elseChannels of communication- communication in organisations follow paths or channels. Communication between managers and subordinates is known asvertical communication this is because the information flo ws up or down the hierarchy. Channels between departments or functions involve lateral communication. As well as formal channels of communication, information also passes through an organisation informally. Communication is not complete until feedback has been received.1.1 Describe how to follow organisational procedures when making a telephone callAlways introduce yourself including name and company you are calling from, if prior know request to talk to the member of staff/department you are calling for. If not explain wherefore you are calling and request help on locating staff that can help. When connected have questions ready or know exactly what information is required. At end summarise call and recap information to check accuracy.1.2 Explain how to report telephone system faultsBeing as exact as possible will help the fault be restored asap. Take notes such as when did the problem first occur, how frequent is it happening, what conditions are occurring, can you restart or res et the equipment ect. Then once you have made a note of these problems/answers you can inform a member of staff of the fault and try contacting answer providers for assistance.
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
Age Simulation Reaction I often cartridge clips sit back and think of myself as aged later on in life. So many thoughts come to mind about my physical appearance not so many thoughts in regards to my proclaim mindset or the mindset of others that surround me, both senior(a)s and young people. I concord never been a person to care how others feel about me, only if this one day in particular when I was put in the shoes of an sr.ly person my world was turned upside down by the words, looks, and thoughts of others. Going into this simulation I looked at it on the surface, how could being in the shoes of an over-the-hiller person for one day get so deep?.Of course t present was an expectation of being limited to a degree but the limitations I was stuck with were difficult beyond belief. Minuscule things became very complex to me, things ilk writing or picking something up were so troublesome because of the decrease of my fine motor skills. Or how about being able to par foreshor ten in a simple game of Uno or reading a newspaper being suddenly hard for you. These are just a few of the chivalric pleasures that were current irritations. Over the next couple of day I began to ponder on how I take granted the simple, everyday activities or joys of life.I also wondered how I could improve the way I treat elderberry bushs, whether its someone I come in contact with regularly or just a senior in front of me driving slow. I have to learn to control my feelings and expressions towards them, I actu solelyy salute them. I adoptt know how an elder person keeps on fighting, I experienced their life for one day only and it seem as though the world around me was craving in. existence blind and having hip arthritis wasnt so easy to cope with, I wasnt able to be as mobile as I would have liked.In fact, I not being as mobile resulted in other health issues. Those around me were in worse condition, on top of the little impairments that affected me, they had limitations s uch as deafness, having had a stroke, knee injuries, major illnesses, and lastly a death of one person closely connected to me. We all started off playing Uno with no problems but as time went on we were unable to play. We couldnt see the cards, hear each other, and also had trouble even grabbing the cards due to acquittance of fine motor skills or mobility of some limbs in whole.Those having strokes definitely slowed up the process, most time they were asking me to hand them something or do something for them. I had to have patience when dealing with Morgan, Suzy, and Kelsey they were very limited. It was kind of stressful to know that I had it better off than them and they relied on me. It was like I felt guilty not helping them because their conditions outweighed those of mines. I was handing this one this and helping that one with that it was not easy at all. Participating in this exercise gave me anxiety to know that I entrust one day be face to face with these problems in re ality.Also sadness came over me knowing that actual people have to deal with this in life, as the public or on the outside looking in you dont think of how elders feel or think. I, myself was guilty of some prejudices placed upon seniors. I didnt really think of elders as individuals anymore, I didnt think of them able person and this is said to be a myth in The ball club Myths of Aging by Douglas Powell. In this article he talks about how elders are grouped together and treated as a whole not sepa pass judgment.Another myth in which I found to be exactly that is an unsound body is equal to an unsound mind, I find those with more time here on Earth to be some of the most in recognizeigent individuals. Some of the knowledge I now have has come from my grandmother or my elder colleagues. They are so insightful, they dont just make decision swiftly but they take time to think and contemplate on all the outcomes and resources available. Look at it this way most of them made it this far in their journey and it has resulted in them being wise.I am a true believer that old dogs can learn new tricks, I work in a factory with people are biologically old yet can alter to new ideas and functions, in some cases are the innovators. Use it or lose it in some cases can be true but I dont think we should stereotype all older people under this belief. Although my grandmother has health issues I dont see the depression, self-centeredness, or isolation people talk about. She loves to go places with people of all ages and interest. So that shows me that a lot of thoughts of others are false, nowhere near the truth.I now believe elders to be utilizable and most enjoyable people to be around. Often propagation even those who job is to work with seniors dont see the value that they hold. You can tell by the way in which they treat and talk to them. While they are professionals and trained on how to interact with them, that is actually their downfall. They are trained on how to speak, interact, and reply to others they lose sight of the feelings or connection that makes an interaction favorable. For some seniors the only real interaction they get comes from a professional and for it not to be nice can be damaging.Between all the illnesses, impairments, and stresses feeling appreciated or respected by others could go a languish way. Even though it was simulation, I got a chance to see from the inside looking out how elders are treated and talked to. During the simulation I was talked down upon with little cheesy terms of endearment, Hun or honey. When time for meds or snacks I wasnt an opinion or explained. I felt like a prisoner to others just because I had aged. Communication goes a long way with everyone not just elders, so it is especially important when it comes to them.Everyone knows to be polite and respectful to others on general principle. Though I was hard of hearing, rather of yelling distastefully one could stoop or sit to be on the same lev el as me and close in distance reprize clearly. As said in, Communicating Respectfully With Older Adults. Up until reason I used to find myself trying to quickly finish the thoughts of elders with thoroughly hearing to their thoughts, it always seemed to take to long for them disclose them fully. Another thing I would do is make decisions for older adults because it seems like it takes them forever to do so.Theres been times when I have went to volunteered at a nursing home where my great aunt is and I would be assigned with helping with meals. During this some of the seniors needed to take meds, I was used to give them instructions fast because I assumed it was a part of their routine. I was always repeating things, but I never thought to slow down and ask them if they had any questions. I just was worried about achieving the goal not how it was achieved. That is a slip on my end. At the end of the day I learned so much about being an elder.I took away lessons that I could only learned by being in these shoes. I have a different outlook on how elders feel, I dont think its fair how we pass judgment on them they are individuals just like us. I think all the prejudices that come up when elders come to mind are from us on the exterior. We dont give them a chance to express how they feel or make decisions. We dont give them a chance to do things on their because of the rate in which they do them. We are the one damming them to be useless. We have got to do better by those ones who made a way for us.
Monday, May 20, 2019
math Mathematics is designful Mathematics stub benefit everyone in any kind of way. Mathematics is also a necessity. From balancing a checkbook to a simple game of poker, you are using your math skills everywhere. As a cashier, I utilize my skills every time I go to work. Even though the machine does tell me what change to keep back back, and what is the total cost of all the products, I have to engage my skills to count out the change.I also use my skills when marking down items, putting in coupons, and how much a bag of fruit or center of attention weighs. I am currently looking for a new phone for my phone plan I have now, Im using my math skills to calculate how much my phone will be if I do a trade-in. Some more examples of how math is useful in everyday animateness are calculating a tip, using a recipe, playing pool, building a deck, and investing for retirement. Mathematics is Important Mathematics is essential for science, engineering, and research.Also mathematic pro ficiency is required for umteen jobs nowadays. Doing mathematics teaches patterns of problem-solving and insight that transfer to otherwise knowledge domains. The career I chose is the Accounting field, and as you know, Accountants deal with money. Mathematics and accounting go pay in hand, though not as intertwined as people may believe. The purpose of having a salutary mathematical background is to increase an accountants cognitive ability.Many different accounting activities require the use mathematics or mathematical principles. Conclusion Understanding what math abilities are necessary can help individuals prepare for this trade process. Accounting activities are full of basic and advanced calculations. These are often necessary to understand what selective information needs to go into a companys general ledger. Many calculations require basic math principles. Other times, however, many complex issues may require the use of multiple calculations.It is important to have ba sic math and algebra skills to fuck these tasks and report accurate financial information. References Chartier, T. (December 2012) Math is Everywhere Applications of Finite Math Retrieved March 26, 2013 from https//www. udemy. com/math-is-everywhere-applications-of-finite-math/ Hobart D. (2007, February 21) What Is the Real Use of Mathematics In Real Life? Retrieved March 26, 2013 from http//www. blurtit. com/q806258. html
Sunday, May 19, 2019
normal George McClellan was the amount legionss first commander in the early bit of the Ameri privy Civil War. Because of how the Union armament was faring under his leadership, McClellan was regarded as an ineffective general, if not a failure. As a result of how he commanded the Union host and prosecuted the contend, he was re position by Pre alignnt Abraham Lincoln until he found a much more(prenominal) abler leader in ecumenic Ulysses S. Grant who carried the Union to total victory which lead to the pointtual forsake of the Confederacy and the end of the civic war in 1865.This study intends to look if General McClellan has been fairly judged by historians and if his incompetence was valid. In his book, George B. McClellan and Civil War History, Thomas Rowland attempts to give an impartial view of McClellan. Based on new(prenominal) accounts he has read from another(prenominal) historians who discussed McClellan, history has not been so kind to the hapless general. McClellan had served as one of the benchmarks on how modern-day American generals would take action such as the case of General Norman Schwarzkopf during Operation Desert Shield/Storm and former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Colin Powell in response to the troubles in the former Yugoslavia. The reason why McClellan was brought up in canvass him with these devil modern-day counterparts was both nearly made the same mistakes he did in being in determining(prenominal) or vacillating in taking the proper course of action when they were facing a similar location as he did (Rowland, 1998, p. 10).McClellan had a superior army at his disposal compared to the ragtag forces of the Confederacy, yet his issues lead them to be mismanaged and what could have been victories for the Union in the early battles ended up in defeat. Another consequence Rowland made was that one of the reasons why McClellan was plausibly not effective was he had psychological problems that would ex plain why he was not an effective commander and it was rather unfortunate for him since his counterpart on the opposing side was General Robert E. Lee who was undoubtedly one of the best generals the Confederacy had among its ranks.One historian pointed out that McClellan alter between fits of arrogant confidence and wretched self-abasement, the adult McClellan revealed an indulgent insolence displayed by those who are congenially incapable of acknowledging authority because it would make them feel inferior (cited in Rowland, 1998). If one were to base McClellans leadership on this case, it would appear that McClellans psychological issues was the root cause for his incomptence. Rowland would go on and enumerate other flaws McClellan had as told by other historians.McClellan had tendencies of being vain, unstable, undisciplined, dishonest and had a messianic complex. Besides being incompetent, he was even said to have problems with authority, particularly with President Lincoln wh o was his commander-in-chief. Some even went to the extent of comparing McClellan to Napoleon not in terms of brilliance but in terms of vanity and ego, a trait both commanders appear to possess and this dated fashion back in his childhood and roughhow carried over throught his life from his cadet days at due west Point to his various multitude postings as he rose through the ranks(17-18).Besides these issues, he also exhibited a tendency to be chary in terms of the tactics and strategies he employed which proved to be ineffective when faced with a highly competent enemy commander in Lee who had a very distinguished soldiers career as well as having combat experience from the Mexican War that made him an even more capable commander besides other subordinate generals such as Thomas blockade Jackson, J. E. B. Stuart and jam Longstreet, to name a few.Because of his apparent incompetence and despite having a seemingly superior army at his disposal, he squandered the chance to g ive the Union an early victory and made it voiced for the Confederates to win, thus prolonging the war to four years. In one book, Crossroads of Freedom Antietam, written by James McPherson, McClellan is depicted more kindly. Where other historians depicted McClellan as having issues with authority since his cadet days at West Point, McPherson saw him differently.McClellan graduated second in his class at the academy in 1846 and served with distinction in the Mexican War and was one of the few foreign military officers who were observers in the Crimean War. During his hiatus in civilian life, he was a four-in-hand in a railroad company where he was considered an exceptional manager (12-13). Clearly, one can see there appears to be some sort of discrepancy in the way McPherson depicts McClellan compared to Rowland and others. Contrary to depicting McClellan as a problematic commander vis-a-vis his subordinates, McPherson depicted him as someone who was charismatic and a capable mo tivator of his troops.In a letter to his wife, McClellan said that I neer heard such yelling I can see perpetuallyy eye glisten. (cited in McPherson, 2002) It can be inferred here that McClellan was hardly the man who had a psychological problem, the sort that would not allow him to bring command of the Army of the Potomac when the Civil War broke out. But later, McPherson would take a different process when McClellan assumed command and this was following the defeat of the Union army in the Battle of Bull Run.Whereas writers care Rowland found McClellan to have psychological issues, McPherson depicted McClellan as a brilliant officer facing what was probably the most challenging commnand of his life and it was the kind of challenge that he could not meet and this eventually resulted in his eventual relief as the war went on. McClellan, as McPherson saw it, was a perfectionist almost to the point though it may not be in the same line of thinking as Rowland and others that he h ad a case of obsessive compulsive behavior. He was a perfectionist in a profession where nothing could ever be perfect.His army was perpetually almost ready to move, but could not do so until the farthest horse was shoed and the last soldier fully equipped. (cited in McPherson 2002) Despite his different approach with other historians, there are some aspects where McPherson agrees with them that McClellan was too cautious and tended to be on the defensive most of the time. This was manifested part by his obsessive-compulsive behavior and his tendency to overestimate the strength and capabilities of the Confederate forces on the account they were led by more capable commanders such as Lee, Jackson, Longstreet, etc.This led him to have disagreements with hiws subordinate commanders, leading to their defeats. Because of his attitude, some speculated that McClellan might have sympathies towards the Confederacy owing to his ties with Democrats (13-15). But in fairness to McClellan, he was not always a loser. He did indeed score a victory for the Union and that was at Antietam in 1862. Despite this victory, it was a very costly one as the Union army suffered heavy casualties in this battle. Beyond that, McClellans command of the Union army was dismal and he was eventually relieved and replaced by a more capable commander in Grant.What made Grant different from McClellan, and this is what all civil war historians agree upon, especially Rowland and McPherson, was that Grant was the opposite of McClellan in the sense that Grant was a risk-taker want his Confederate counterpart Lee. What made Grant willing to take risks was that he was not afraid to fail. Because it was part of watching and his initial defeats made him wiser in subsequent battles and this was proven time and again. Grant did suffer some defeats when he took command but despite these setbacks, he was not relieved.He learned from his mistakes and redeemed himself in other encounters and this mattere d the most and he eventually led the Union to victory and presided over Lees surrender at Appomatox Courthouse in 1865. In conclusion, history has not been so kind to George McClellan. Had he been decisive and willing to take risks, the war could have been over the moment it started and history could have judged him differently. But it glum out that his personality was his undoing and this cost him not only his career but the conduct of the war which had to run for four years.If it is any confort for McClellan, his apparent incompetence (for lack of a better term) proved to be a blessing in disguise for future American military leaders. He would often be referred to or invoked whenever his modern-day counterparts were about to make the same mistakes he did and whenever they would think about him, they would completely do a complete turn around and rectify it, thereby winning their wars and avoid being placed in the same spot as McClellan on being one of the (unfortunately) worst Am erican military leaders in history.In a rather crude sense of irony, McClellans mistakes provided lessons for his future counterparts to learn and improve on and it was rather fortunate for McClellan that he have lost battles but his replacements did win the war but unfortunately for him, he could not partake of that victory because he was not involved in it. References Rowland, T. (1998). George B. McClellan and Civil War History. Kent, Ohio Kent State University Press. McPherson, J. (2002). Crossroads of Freedom Antietam. New York Oxford University Press.
Saturday, May 18, 2019
Frances Hills book is non in a horror writing style as what the first impression could be with regards to the title itself. It is merely a collection of facts and stories untold, and an extension of a historical argument that is more terrifying than fictional horror stories. Is the book A Delusion of friction match The Full Story of the capital of Oregon enchant Trial still timely to discuss or not?witchcraft, sorcery and witch hunting judicial perspective, extreme religious practices of good versus evil and social responsibility reflects on Frances Hills search for truth and justice by means of writing. Being a professor in the school of law, she astutely provides the fascination to take charge the unending trials by promotional material of the nation generation to generation with the same subject Salem Witch Trial which created a cabalistic impact on the storey.The said mass craze in 1692 is one of the darkest parts in the history of America. Although there are some who s till patronizes such act of witchcraft, the tendency to repeat the mass hysteria is now impossible to happen. We are now more scientific and democratic in all our moves firearm we are unfolding the history.Thus, as long as we believe in scientific bases and act intelligently, the lying of Satan in the witchcraft trial like what the Salem people in 1692 has experienced exit never happen again.It was clearly described in the book how the people during those days are riotous in their own ways, has poor understanding and explicitly drastic. They tend to believe in superstitions and voodoo activities irregardless of their social status. It was as if these people are all uncivilized, uneducated and not God-fearing people in the authors study which stated as follows.The Salem witch trial began and found suspects shamed as the decide allowed the supposed victims to testify about being attacked by the suspects in their spectral or ghostly forms that is, forms that no one other than th e victims could see.1 The trial resulted to sufferings of more than a hundred residents of Salem.They are tortured, beat out and starved in prisons. Nineteen people were hung and executed, and one pressed with heavy stones to death because of denying to the said accusations of witchcraft. Others were do to stand without rest during interminable sessions of questioning.2Before the book ended, the author Frances Hill gave significant propositions why the girls of Salem settlement behaved that way and why the judges and the people involved did not see their actions as fake, feigned and delirium.ConclusionTo reason out this critical review of the book, I would like to stress out my own statements and conclusions being an educated and informal individual. Firstly, I certainly do not agree to the evil and grotesque way of the Salem Witch Trial. I believe in due process, fair trial and fair justice which modern people like us practice in our day to day living. Secondly, I agree with the authors battle against these evil activities by pinpointing facts from the history.However, I believe that this field of trial for suspected witches are no longer timely and helpful in accordance to our more mature and technologically advanced culture. Authorities, judges and justices themselves do not rely now on supernatural things.They evaluate the case based on scientific evidence, and sentence the accused in a more humanitarian way. Hence, the authors topic and the book itself are just merely opinions and story-telling combined with a touch of intelligently driven research.R E F E R E N C E SHill, Frances. Chapter One Sowing the Dragons Teeth. A Delusion of Satan The Full Story of the Salem Witch Trial. p.1. Copyright 1997 promulgated by Da Capo Press Cambridge, MA Uniqueness of the Salem Witchcraft Trials. Mar. 29, 2007. http//encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_701701818_2/Salem_Witch_Trials.htmls8.1 Uniqueness of the Salem Witchcraft Trials. http//encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia _701701818_2/Salem_Witch_Trials.htmls8 2 Hill, Frances. Chapter One Sowing the Dragons Teeth. A Delusion of Satan The Full Story of the Salem Witch Trial. p.1 Copyright 1997 Published by Da Capo Press Cambridge, MA
Friday, May 17, 2019
What is Medical Technology? Branch of laboratory medicine which deals with the diagnostic or therapeutic applications of apprehension and technology. Also known as Clinical Laboratory Science A dynamic healthcare transaction that deals with the study and practice of diagnostic laboratory medicine. Ruth Heinemann (1963) The application of principles of natural, physical, and biological sciences to the performance of laboratory procedures which promote in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.Anna Fagelson (1961) The branch of medicine concerned with the performance of laboratory determinations and analyses used in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease and the maintenance of health. Walters The health profession concerned with performing laboratory analyses in view of obtaining information necessary in the diagnosis and treatment of disease as well as in the maintenance of good health.Republic Act NO. 5527 An auxiliary branch of laboratory medicine which deals with the query by various chemical, microscopic, bacteriologic and other medical laboratory procedures r technique which will service the physician in the diagnosis, study, and treatment of disease and in the promotion of health in general.Medical Technologist A person who engages in the work of medical technology under the supervision of a pathologist or licensed physician authorized by the Department of Health in places where there is no pathologist and who having passed the prescribed course (Bachelor of Science in Medical Technology/Bachelor of Science in worldly concern Health) of training and examination is registered under the provision of this Act. Nature of Work Medical Technologists perform complex chemical, biological, hematological, immunologic, microscopic, and bacteriologic analyses, including Microscopically examine blood and other body fluids.Make cultures of body fluid and tissue samples to work the nominal head of bacteria, tungi, parasites, or other microorganisms. Analyze samples tor chemical content or a chemical reaction and determine concentrations of compounds such as blood glucose and cholesterol levels. Type and cross match blood samples for transfusions. Evaluate examine results, develop and modify procedures, and establish and monitor rograms to ensure the accuracy of tests.In what way will it be of attend to and importance to our society? To improve the management of health conditions using various means of identifying the causes and nature of diseases. To instigate other health professionals in decision-making as well as in therapeutic directions Ultimately to gestate an excellent patient care and improve the quality of life. Field of Specialty Hematology Clinical interpersonal chemistry Clinical Microscopy (Parasitology) Microbiology (Bacteriology, Mycology) Blood Bank & Transfusion Practices
Thursday, May 16, 2019
A seemingly intractable paradox underlies Hesperianers excerpt of singular(prenominal) manner in the twenty-first century. On the one hand, the democratic and tender progress make in the West in the past fifty old age has led to radical revaluations of, and profound r eversals of attitudes towards, issues such as sex activity, break up, race, social stereo fibres, cultural individualised identity and so on in short, the Western citizen of 2005 has far greater in the flesh(predicate) freedom for manner than could perk up been conceivable for a Westerner in 1905 or even 2005 (Craik, 1994).The late student of Western fashion trends might therefore reasonably expect to nonice in the habilitate wefts and fashions of twenty-first Westerners ever greater diversity and individuation to notice a kaleidoscopic and multi-coloured efflorescence of individual(prenominal) freedom in fabric and cloth. And, indeed, in many instances in Western society there is a extravagance of individual geniuss mirroring briskly liberated individual personalities.Yet, on the opposite hand, condescension this potential for individuality, the fashion student notices, paradoxically, that Westerners ar exhibiting an ever greater homogeneity and similarity in their clothing choice for instance, the omnipresent presence, amongst certain definable social groups, of trendy brands desire Tommy Hilfiger, Zara and FCUK. The principal force behind this homogeneity is argued to be (Miles, 1998 & Radford, 1998) the massive and all-consuming baron of giant global fashion houses and their resources for mass branding and publicizing.To many fashion critics and scholars these hugely powerful companies know come to swamp the potential for personal and individual expression that was made viable by social changes in Europe and America in the past fifty old age. In a further paradox, it was these really changes themselves, and the liberation and emancipation of consumer powe r and choice which they released, which provides the consumer markets and spending-power which make these huge companies possible.In other words, for the gender, class, and social revolutions of the twentieth century to happen this required the protests and emancipation of Western masses but this very freedom itself created a mass homogeneous market that could be exploited by fashion corporations themselves made possible by these changes. In a final paradox, Rosenfeld (1997) and Davis (1993) argue that modern man is free to strike the clothes he wears and so is himself responsible for submitting himself and his individuality to temptations of mass production and consumerism that surround him.The fascinating top dog forwards this belles-lettres review is then why is it that Westerners, granted at hold water a queen-size measure of personal freedom for expression, choose nonetheless to submit themselves to mass trends and to enslave themselves to perhaps an ever greater extent t han when such freedom was not obtainable? Of further interest is the query how digest particular cultural groups, and fashion trends, resisted mass consumerism of fashion, and gone on to use these new freedoms to establish elicit and original expressions of their personalities? partition 2 SourcesA few words nearly the origin and authority of the sources apply for this literature review atomic number 18 perhaps necessary before turning to the main themes of the review. The principal type of source discussed in this literature review atomic number 18 academic books and journals in addition, some internet sources atomic number 18 employed also. The academic books referred to in this review are amongst the seminal texts in the literature of fashion and marketing, their authors beginning(a) experts in their fields, and therefore the reliability and authority of their material is extremely senior senior high.The fashion student prat have high, if not complete, confidence in his employment of these sources to illustrate his themes and arguments. Likewise, those texts from other fields in this review, such as Freuds The Interpretation of Dreams (Freud, 1900) or Lacans Language of the Self (Lacan, 1998), are usually included by critics and scholars in their lists of the most important works of the twentieth-century. They too then may be utilize by the fashion student with a high degree of trust in their authority and reliability. A product line of caution might be sounded however ab prohibited the employment of internet sources in any literature review.Whereas the process of publishing work in an academic book or journal is a drawn-out one, requiring considerable cost and numerous stages of scrutiny by fellow scholars and experts, thus ensuring the quality of those sources, nonetheless, the standards required for exit on the internet are often lower and less vigorous. The vast profusion material released everyday on the internet requires the conscie ntious student to subject the internet sources he employs to greater scrutiny and enquiry than might be the case with academic books or journals published in the traditional paper-based way.Consequently, the internet sources used in this literature review have been vigorously scrutinised and tested for their reliability in the fashion exposit above. Section 3 Review The following literature review is discussed according to the following thematic system in five parts (1) The Paradox of Individuality and submission, (2), Global Trends and World Markets, (3) semiotic Theories of way of life advancement & Visual Communication, (4) Popular Cultures and Distinctive Identities, and, (5), Sociological & Philosophical Views of Class, Gender, fond Stereotypes and Cultural Identity.The Paradox of Individuality and Conformity The contemporary situation in Western fashion and personal clothing choice is one of seemingly irresolvable paradox Westerners are today endue with ever greate r personal freedoms, extending naturally to their choice of personal clothing and one would expect this freedom to lead to a plethora and profusion of individual styles and politeness of adjust these freedoms should result in less submission of style than was present in say 1905 when gender, class and social prejudices compelled and forced a person to dress in a particular way and style.Yet, despite these abundant new-found freedoms, Western clothing choice in 2005 seems to display ever greater concurrence and homogeneity. That is, Westerners are choosing to dress more and more alike one another Westerners expression of their personalities through their choice of style is showing ever greater similarities to one another. How then could this be possible? This question is discussed at the command level in great depth by F. Davis (1993) personal manner, Clothing and Identity and by Fiske (1990) in presentment to Communications Studies.Global Trends & World Markets The most pers uasive and frequently given answer to the above question is that the rise of huge fashion houses such as Louis Vuitton, Tommy Hilfiger, Armani, Prada, Zara, amongst many others along with their massive resources for branding and announce, have drowned-out the recently attained freedoms of Western individuals to meditate their personalities in their choice of clothing. This show up is powerfully made in D. Cranes seminal text Fashion and the Social Agenda Class, Gender and Identity in Clothing. (Crane, 2004).Crane argues that just at the critical historical moment (the end of the 20th Century) when Westerners were finally endowed with greater personal freedoms in fashion and personality expression than ever before, that these freedoms were immediately smothered by forces such as globalization and capitalism which gave birth to vast fashion corporations whose financial resources and advertising capability have become too great and powerful for individual expression to poke throu gh and flower. This point is corroborated and reinforced by numerous other scholars and authorities in fashion and marketing.F. Davis (1993) in Fashion, Culture and Identity, L. Rosenfeld (1997) in Clothing as Communication, and J. Craik (1994) in The Face of Fashion Cultural Studies in Fashion all licence Cranes central premise that individual freedom of personality expression through clothing and style is suffocated by the capitally fuelled force of the major fashion brands to oerwhelm this expression through relentless psychological pressure, carried by advertising, to conform to the style and choice bring downd and decided by these companies and not by individuals themselves.M. Barnard in Fashion as Communication (1996) makes an interesting refinement of this basic premise by suggesting, in a further paradoxical assertion, that it is the very freedom of gender, class, social status etc. , of the past fifty years which has led to ever greater conformity to popular styles and to an even greater trickery of style than existed before such freedoms were possible.In other words, to echo a sentiment expressed by Nietzsche in 1888 (Nietzsche, 1888) and Freud in 1900 (Freud, 1900) human beings have natural crowd instincts which are present whether people are free or not, and these instincts generate the need for leadership and imposition from one source or another.Thus, whilst before the 1960s style conformity was forced upon Westerners by gender and class stereotypes, nonetheless, after the 1960s when these stereotypes were lifted, Westerners became susceptible to a new authority, imposition and leadership in the form of vast fashion corporations whose choice of style and expression is propagated through intensive branding and advertising.According to this philosophical view, endorsed by Bruce Stella and Pamela Church Gibson (2000) in Fashion Cultures Theories Explorations and Analysis, the personalities of Westerners today and their choice of expression of th eir personalities through clothing, is largely decided by fashion corporations and advertising companies thus resulting in the uniformity of style and expression which is so intelligible from a casual glance at our high-streets today.Semiotic Theories of Fashion Promotion & Visual Communication A interesting example of the practice of a semiotic theory of fashion promotion is that discussed in A. Rhodes and R. Zuloagos paper A Semiotic Analysis of towering Fashion Advertising published in 2003. The chief motif of Rhodes and Zuloagos work is that Fashion advertising is an excellent example of identity-image producing media (Rhodes & Zuloago, 2003 p8).They state at the outset of their paper that The nature of the product is tied promptly to identity those objects with which we encase our bodies for public display - and fashion is acknowledged as a cultural delivery of style a little further on they add Taken as a whole, high fashion media and advertising describe a spectrum of i dentity, unified in general types of signifiers young women, high status, high sexuality and through the constant repetition and variation of images on these themes serve to create this identity spectrum. (Rhodes and Zuloago, 2003, p1).Thus, in their paper, Rhodes and Zuloago seek to define the symbiotic relationship betwixt high fashion and the cultural and social identity of one particular social group young, rich and sexually confident women. Rhodes and Zuloago argue that the advertising campaigns of companies like Prada, Donna Karen, Armani, Dolce Gabanna and others like them, speak so powerfully and seductively to these women, and that the images employed penetrate so profoundly into their consciousness and social orientation, that they come to identify their personalities almost wholly with the product.Rhodes and Zulago recognise, nonetheless, that whilst the influence of major fashion brands all over social groups like the one mentioned above is immense that these group s too, by their social characteristics and newly liberated personalities, constantly force the fashion brands to invent new styles and designs that evolve to reflect the changing consciousness of these particular and individualist groups (Rhodes & Zuloago, 2003 p5).The symbiosis is nearly total and similar relationships between major brands and other social groups are evident throughout modern Western gloss. Popular Cultures and Distinctive Identities R. Radford points out in Dangerous matter Art, Fashion and Individualism (1998) that the mass conformity of modern fashion style and personality expression is not of crinkle universal, and many original and fresh styles punk, gothic, heathenish, etc., have arisen from the social freedoms of recent decades, both in response to the preceding centuries of restricted expression and also in reaction to the monotonous uniformity of the mass-branded and consumer-based style. As suggested in the last sentence, Radford distinguishes betw een styles which are (1) a reaction to the restrictions of former centuries, (2) those which are defiances of the modern branded uniformity, and, (3), those which are a reaction to neither, but rather are well-grounded and original efflorescences of cultural uniqueness and individual expression.In the first category Radford places the astonishing growth in popularity of gender-liberated products like bikinis, short-skirts and casual clothing which were, in other centuries, repressed by the authorities either because of gender prejudices or inequalities, or because of antiquated ideas about the morality or sexual imprudence of certain items and styles of clothing. To take an instance of gender discrimination cited by Radford (Radford, 1998 pp. 142-148), it was not socially or morally permissible for women in former times to wear beach caparison (bikinis, swim- lawsuits etc.,) that revealed or celebrated anything of the sensuousness or beauty of the female figure women were therefor e universally condemned (in Western countries) to wear a single type plain, non-sexual beachwear. But since the lifting of this social prejudice and stigma, there has been a profusion of designers, from Gucci and Dolce & Gabana to Zara and BHS, who have produced modern designs which allow women to celebrate the sensuality and beauty of the female figure.Women today know the same rights as men to wear what they like either to the beach, to the disco or to work thus, in this instance, despite the domination of the fashion brands, women now have the opportunity to, and do indeed exhibit in practice, a greater expression of individuality of personality than was possible or permissible before the last decades. In the second category, Radford places fashion styles like punk and gothic styles which rebel against the conformity of modern mass-consumer culture and relish in the controversy and upsetting of convention induced by the difference of their style.Studded clothing, fluorescent co loured hair, male make-up, cross-dressing etc. , are rebellions against the usual fashion paradigm and make the personality statement that some people disagree with popular sentiment and convention and express this in clothing styles that are often shocking and scandalous (Barthes, 1983). In the third category are individualistic styles, such as ethnic, which are neither reactions to historical repressions or to modern mass conformity, but which are rather healthy flourishing of individual personality or philosophy.For instance, contemporary Western style permits a greater order of ethnic clothing or pride in national dress than was acceptable fifty years ago. F. Davis argued as early as 1988 in Clothing and Fashion Communication that clothing could be a vehicle for greater racial tolerance and for multi-culturalism and racial integration in modern Western society. A concomitant of this toleration is a celebration and pride in the wearing of clothes of national dress clothes that d isplay part of the persons personality repressed for decades.Sociological & Philosophical Views of Class, Gender, Social Stereotypes and Cultural Identity Jacques Lacan in Language of the Self (Lacan, 1997) gives a fascinating philosophical and psychological recitation of the individuality vs. conformity paradox, filtering it the prism of class, gender and social stereotypes, to argue that human beings are essentially language-animals and can be manipulated if one finds the key to the use of this language.Lacan argues in his seminal text Language and the Self (1997) that the social freedoms attained by Westerners in the past half(prenominal) century have given them Westerners unprecedented opportunities to reflect their innermost self, their basic human constituency, through new cultural media such as television, the arts, and by derivation, fashion and our choice of media.Lacan argues further that the self of previously repressed groups such as women, homosexuals, African-Americ ans and so on is now able to manifest itself in cultural forms that had previously been repressed for centuries, and which are now bursting out in the diversity of artforms prevalent in our society today. Nonetheless, through his principal scientific and philosophical investigating into the language-animal, Lacan argues that Westerners have been seduced by the clever and innovative marketing campaigns of the major fashion brands, who use slogans and images to target limited social groups.Thus Lacan explains the phenomenal seduction of modern Western man to the worded slogans of designer labels and celebrity endorsed products. Lacan suggests that the advertising campaigns of major fashion brands seduce the consumers unconscious directly and that this explains the phenomenon of mass conformity to such a homogeneous type of personal expression through fashion as is evident in our society. Section 4 Conclusion In the final analysis, the literature of the fashion and marketing texts on the subject of individuality vs.conformity, and the influence of branding upon this relationship, reveals the following points. Firstly, that a curious and complex paradox deeply underpins the dynamics between individuality and conformity. To the one side, the liberation of women, homosexuals, formerly repressed racial groups, underprivileged classes and others, in the second half of the twentieth-century, has led to a huge mass of people in Western society who have previously unimaginable freedom to wear whatever styles and types of clothing they believe best express their individuality and uniqueness.For instance, gender prejudices removed, women can now wear trousers race prejudices declining, repressed groups can wear a city suit or opera tuxedo in many other instances Westerners are free to dress as however their mood, philosophy and occupation inclines them. On the other hand, the ceaseless ascent to prominence and immense power of the great fashion houses and fashion brands has led to a blanket of homogeneity being spread over the personal expression of many Western consumers.Philosophers like Lacan, and psychologists like Freud and Nietzsche, suggest that man has an innate herd instinct that compels him to conform to the trends of the crowd and to seek a higher authority and leadership to decide and impose his personal expression upon him. According to this view, despite the newly attained freedom of Westerners, they have substituted for the old imposition of gender and class barriers the new authority of the mass product and the famous brand. Thus personal choice and freedom of expression of personality through clothing are merely illusions that do not hit to modern reality.Furthermore, the conformity of modern Western dress is, according to D. Crane (Crane, 2004), even more exquisite today than in other centuries, since in 2005 particular styles and mass produced clothing items Crane gives Levis jeans as an example permeate all classes and gend ers of society and therefore have a total sphere of conformity and influence in other centuries a particular item or style of clothing would plainly dominate one social group today brands like Nike, Zara, Levis, Armani and so on, can penetrate the personal expression of every social group from top to bottom.Nonetheless, the flourishing of reactionary and rebellious fashions expressions such as punk and gothic, as well as the profusion of small individualistic designers and such styles as ethnic suggest that the mass produced fashion items have not and will not dominate totally and may even be forced back a little as personal expression is allowed to flowering in the new forms and clothing styles of the twenty-first century. Our final words might be these that the question of conformity vs.individuality now hangs in a delicate balance and equilibrium, that Western society pivots at a vital moment in the history of its ability to be able to define itself. The opportunity exists for Westerners to bedazzle the world with an efflorescence of new styles of clothing that reflect the cultural diversity, racial integration, and class assimilation achieved in the past fifty years. The danger remains nonetheless that these achievements and potential expression will be swamped by the relentless march of mass consumer fashion and our seduction to it.Section 5 Bibliography Academic Books, Journals & Articles Barnard, M. (1996) Fashion as Communication, Routledge Barthes, R. (1967, 1983). The Fashion System, New York Hill and Wang. Bruzzi Stella & Church, P. G. (2000). Fashion Cultures Theories, Explorations and Analysis, Routledge Craik, J. (1994) The Face of Fashion Cultural Studies in Fashion, London Routledge. Crane, D. (2004). Fashion and Its Social Agenda Class, Gender and Identity in Clothing. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Davis, F. (1985).Clothing and fashion as communication, in Solomon, M. R. (ed. ) The Psychology of Fashion, Massachusetts Lexington Boo ks. Davis, F. (1993). Fashion, Culture and Identity, cabbage, IL Chicago University Press. Du Gay, P. (1996). Consumption and Identity at Work, London Sage. Fiske, J. (1990). trigger to Communication Studies, London Routledge Freud, S. (1900). The Interpretation of Dreams. Penguin, London. Lacan, J. (Reprinted 1997). Language of the Self, Baltimore, MD. Johns Hopkins University Press Mead, G. H. (1934).Mind, Self and Society, From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviourist, Chicago, IL. University of Chicago Press Miles, S. (1998). Consumerism as a Way of Life, London Sage Publications Nietzsche, F. (1888). Ecce Homo. Peter Gast Books, Basel. Quirk, R. (Et al. ). (1989). The Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Radford, R. , Dangerous Liaison Art, Fashion and Individualism, Fashion speculation, vol. 2, issue 2, Oxford Berg, 1998, pp. 151-64. Rosenfeld, L. B. and Plax, T. G. (1997). Clothing as communication, Journal ofCommunication, 27 24-31. Sm ith, A. (1759/1976). The possible action of the Moral Sentiments, Edinburgh. Internet Sources Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, Self and Society, From the Standpoint of a Social Behaviourist, Chicago, IL. University of Chicago Press http//www2. pfeiffer. edu/lridener/DSS/Mead/MINDSELF. HTML Smith, A. (1759/1976). The Theory of the Moral Sentiments, Edinburgh. http//www. adamsmith. org/smith/tms-intro. htm Rhodes, A. & Zuloago, R. (2003). A semiotic Analysis of High Fashion Advertising. www. garhodes. com/Semiotics_of_Fashion. pdf